The Education issue describes a situation where nations invest in “human capital” by providing access to high-quality education to all citizens, irrespective of their gender or socioeconomic status. The educational institutions (with well-equipped infrastructure and competent teachers) encourage life-long learning and allow to acquire relevant knowledge and skills that are vital for sustainable development and general well-being of societies. The Education issue is strongly aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals 4 and 5.
As proxies to measure the state of this issue, the GAPFRAME includes four publicly available indicators: primary education enrolment rate (WEF GCI, 2005-2014) representing school enrolment rate of children, quality of educational system (WEF GCI, 2005-2014) that assesses how well the educational system meets the needs of competitive economy, youth in educational training (OECD, 2013) that measures school enrollment rate of 15-19 years old teenagers, and adult literacy rate (World Bank, 2010-2015) that represents population (age > 15) who can read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. These four proxies will in future be complemented with indicators for life-long learning and measuring the relevance of education, for which there are no global indicators available yet.