The Transparency issue draws a picture of a nation that is coherent, stable and fair in its actions and decisions. It is a way to get to a good governance for a country and all of its citizens, ensuring that an effective framework for controversial discussions to be resulting in proper legislation involving all citizens, secured and enforced by a reliable government that works in a transparent manner. This includes respecting minority interests and issues of national and international relevance. The Transparency aspect is underrepresented in the 2030 Agenda.
The GAPFRAME uses five indicators that serve as current proxies for transparency of governmental practices. These indicators include: good governance (SSI, 2014) which is a composite indicator calculated based on the World Bank governance data; policy knowledge (SGI, 2016) that reflects the extent to which citizens are informed about government policymaking; legal certainty (SGI, 2016) reflecting degree to which government and administration act on basis of and in accordance with legal provisions to provide legal certainty; freedom of expression (SPI, 2015) reflecting the degree of freedom of journalists, citizens and organizations to express an opinion; and judicial independence (WEF GCI, 2005-2014) that assesses a degree of judicial independence from members of government, citizens or firms.